Nature-based solutions: Balancing risk and reward
The increasing frequency and severity of hydro-meteorological events on land and sea have a high impact globally. The science behind these phenomena is complex and multi-disciplinary as the international scientific community explores solutions that not only mitigate the impact of hydro-meteorological events but also can contribute to disaster risk reduction and achieve the broader goals of the Sendai Framework, as well as the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations. The implementation of nature-based solutions (NBS), solutions that are inspired and supported by nature, have the potential to reduce the risk of extreme hydro-meteorological events and simultaneously provide environmental, social and economic benefits and help build resilience.
This Focus Day event therefore aims to i) explore how balancing perspectives can improve the implementation of nature-based solutions (NBS) to reduce hydro-meteorological risks; and ii) promote and share experience currently being developed in Europe and Asia with the best available science and knowledge to establish a coherent approach towards risk management.
Examples will be presented from NBS Hydro-Met Task Force supported by the flagship European Union’s Horizon 2020 Work Programme, which comprises four research and innovation action projects (NAIAD, OPERANDUM, PHUSICOS and RECONECT, with a total funding amounting to some 40 million euros) that design, implement and evaluate innovative and locally-attuned NBSs for hydro-meteorological risk reduction at the watershed and landscape scale.
NBSs are being implemented that range from urban to rural and from mountain to coastal areas, counting more than 30 demonstration sites in Europe and 10 sites outside Europe including Asia, Australia, North America and South America. Further to these H2020 initiatives, examples of NBS for landslide risk mitigation in Hong Kong as well as Sri Lanka (to be confirmed) will be presented to showcase additional expertise in Asia. Sharing the experience from these NBSs will facilitate more effective protection of exposed population and environment from hydro-meteorological perils such as landslides, floods, droughts, and soil erosion.
Organizer: Norwegian Geotechnical Institute
Partner Organization: University of Bologna, IHE Delft, ICATALIST